Thursday, August 27, 2020

An Analysis of Rip Van Winkle Using Psychoanalytic and Archetypal Criticism Essays

An Analysis of Rip Van Winkle Using Psychoanalytic and Archetypal Criticism Essays An Analysis of Rip Van Winkle Using Psychoanalytic and Archetypal Criticism Paper An Analysis of Rip Van Winkle Using Psychoanalytic and Archetypal Criticism Paper Article Topic: Writing Tear Van Winkle When perusing â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† by Washington Irving just because, one would get the feeling that something terrible and ungainly will undoubtedly happen to individuals who are constrained by their sentiments and interest. As it were, this short story represents the improvement of a youthful country and its change to a free and fair nation. Be that as it may, in it, there are sure individuals who don’t pay heed to the political and recorded changes, and therefore, they don't fit into the new framework, leaving the impression of being odd and old. Tear Van Winkle is one of those individuals, and on the off chance that we read the story from psychoanalytic and model perspectives, we will see that he was really glad to have been snoozing for a long time. â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† addresses a few inquiries, for example, the one mulling over Winkle’s nonappearance from home for 2 decades. One of the appropriate responses proposes that a man, who just thinks about himself, would in the long run wind up losing his significant other and family. Another answer recommends that on the off chance that somebody dozes or beverages for a long time, the individual is certifiably not a horrendous individual, as long as the town is his/her companion. However, this story may likewise identify with a soldier’s battle to acclimate to society, after his arrival from war. We know next to no of both Winkle’s cozy life and his concealed wants. Be that as it may, with the assistance of Freuds idea of id as the â€Å"home† of the nonsensical, instinctual and the obscure, we can decipher Rip Van Winkles appearance out in the open. We realize that he’s cherished by the entire town, and that he’s upbeat in making every other person around him glad. It is protected to state that he’s mainstream, a model resident. Yet, this isn't the situation in his home and with his family, since he doesn’t care about them, as found in passage 8:â€Å"Rip was prepared to take care of anybody’s business however his own; yet as to performing family responsibility, and maintaining his homestead in control, it was inconceivable. † He doesn’t work, nor go to his family. Apathy is viewed as a wrongdoing, however Winkle doesn’t have a feeling of remorse about it or the surrender of his family, and he â€Å"blames† his better half for the manner in which he is. Along these lines, the differentiation of his open and private life is by all accounts equivalent to the complexity between his driving forces and the obligation he has as a dad/spouse. Any peruser would infer that either Rip doesn’t love his better half or he is a juvenile man, unequipped for taking care of his marriage. Winkles mind controls the legitimate and normal, and his sense of self is most likely the motivation behind why he doesn’t separation or damage his significant other, or even himself. It is likewise the purpose behind his great remaining with different locals, as it reveals to him that they would reimburse him in time. They truly reimburse him, and Winkle is saved from complete obscurity when he gets back following 20 years, as found in section 56: â€Å"an elderly person, tottering out from among the group, put her hand to her forehead, and peering under it in his face for a second, shouted, sufficiently sure! it is Rip Van Winkle-it is himself. Welcome home once more, old neighbor. - Why, where have you been these twenty long years? † The last test that anticipates Winkle is his endeavor to be totally acknowledged in the general public once more. We, as perusers, can't be sure whether he really rested for a long time, yet we are not given some other decision. Winkle attempts to make up for himself from his past sins by turning into a perceived legend. Be that as it may, Winkle’s superego recommends that his vanishing is shameless. But then, he gets another opportunity in the wake of returning from the Catskill Mountains. With no exertion, he turns into a regarded man; his long nonattendance legitimizes his political numbness, and he even turns into an image of the town. We understand that his 20-year rest has just cost him his better half. Perhaps that’s what he generally needed: to carry on with a joyful life, without working, dealing with kids, or having a close connection with an individual he never truly cherished. However, this longing is never uncovered and we just consider him to be somebody who follows the standards set by society. Since separate isn't an alternative at that point, it is best for Winkle to just vanish. He could have additionally gotten surly and standoffish, yet that essentially isn’t his style. The story doesn’t have enough components for us to apply Freuds Oedipus complex, however there are some fascinating realities, similar to the one that Winkle â€Å"kills† his life while living with his family. Additionally, Dame Van Winkle is depicted increasingly like a mother, than a spouse: â€Å"whenever her name was referenced, be that as it may, he shook his head, shrugged his shoulders, and cast up his eyes; which may pass either for an outflow of abdication to his destiny, or happiness at his deliverance† (passage 61). From this, we can expect that Winkle likely abhorred her. He even reflects about the recently discovered opportunity from his better half (the other opportunity being the opportunity from the old society) in passage 61: â€Å"he had got his neck out of the burden of marriage, and could go in and out at whatever point he satisfied, without fearing the oppression of Dame Van Winkle. Toward the finish of the story, the old Winkle is dead, and we have another, normal resident of another country. Be that as it may, so as to arrive at this freedom, he needed to separate himself from his family, and vanish into the mountains. He goes there with the reason of going s quirrel chasing, yet winds up nodding off: â€Å"one taste incited another, and he emphasized his visits to the cup so frequently, that finally his faculties were overwhelmed, his eyes swam in his mind, his head bit by bit declined, and he fell into a profound sleep† (section 24). As an end, Winkle’s vanishing was the best thing that could transpire. While the individuals of the Dutch people group needed to battle a war, Winkle was resting, and woke up just to observe a totally new life, with another kind of government and with no family or private obligations. He didn’t endure any genuine outcomes, with just his physical appearance being a minor issue. At the end of the day, he found an ideal, but then basic answer for his â€Å"lifelong† issue. Original analysis may likewise help us in breaking down this short story. An image which shows up all through the story is the tree. In more than one event, Winkle visits a gathering sitting under â€Å"the shade of a huge tree. So as to escape from his better half, he would frequently go to the woods, and â€Å"here he would now and again seat himself at the foot of a tree† (passage 16). He likewise nods off there. As indicated by Wilfred Guerin, the tree is an image of everlasting status and recovery (Guerin 152). That’s most likely the motivation behind wh y Winkle returns home following 2 many years of inaction in Nature and isn't harmed by Nature’s components. The tree where Winkle invests energy may likewise be associated with the tree of life, which keeps individuals alive regardless of whether they couldn't care less for their families or relationships. Lady Van Winkle takes after a horrible mother in her husband’s eyes. Having this at the top of the priority list, we can say that she speaks to both sex and passing: her better half fears her and the dread leads him to weakening. Accordingly, we see that Winkle isn't keen on his better half as a lady, and sees her more as a beast, a witch. Be that as it may, if she’s frantic at him for his lethargy and refusal to get a genuine line of work, she would be a portrayal of the Earth, its fruitfulness and bounty (a decent mother). In any case, actually, other than ensuring her youngsters, she frightens Winkle and continually incites him, so we can think about her as being acceptable and awful simultaneously (Guerin 151). Toward the finish of the story, we see that Winkle turns into a good elderly person, or an image of shrewdness and information. As per Jungian prime examples, he tests the ethical characteristics of others. Be that as it may, not every person considers him to be an insightful man, which is obviously uncovered in section 57: â€Å"some apparently winked at one another, and put their tongues in their cheeks; and the vainglorious man in the positioned cap, who, when the caution was finished, had come back to the field, screwed down the sides of his mouth, and shook his head-whereupon there was a general shaking of the head all through the collection. Along these lines, we have a circumstance where Winkle doesn’t end up left out by his locale, yet there are doubts over the validity of his story. In this way, he intently follows the example of a legend, and is a sort of a conciliatory substitute. One of the most significant images in the story is the introduction of another countr y, something which was totally new for those of European birthplace. Again we have Winkle as a substitute, since he speaks to all the old European customs that must be stifled all together for the new country to develop. Everyone must work to frame and bolster the new government and keep the country’s freedom. The old perspectives and living are a distant memory. While Old Europe was in a profound sleep, its settlements woke up, individually. The gathering of pseudo-logicians, shaped by Winkle and his companions, speaks to the Old World and its â€Å"process† of sitting idle, while the states develop increasingly autonomous. As an outcome of it, the change of Old Europe was something inescapable, and it changes, much like Rip Van Winkle. In this story, we can likewise attempt to distinguish Northrop Frye’s four mythos. Before all else we have a sentimental (summer) stage, as Winkle is adored by all the residents. What follows is the counter sentimental, mocking and amusing stage (winter), when we find that Winkle is miles from being

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Use of Emotional Focused Therapy Research Paper

The Use of Emotional Focused Therapy - Research Paper Example Connection hypothesis is the premise of data for connection injury work. John Bowlby considered the father of connection hypothesis found that the way that youngsters structure connections dependent on their initial connections to their essential guardian. In the event that they can bond unequivocally with this individual, they have a solid establishment for adoration, regard, confidence, and self-assurance. Farley (2004) considered Bowlby's work and recommends that kids are continually searching for the nearness of their guardian and posing the inquiry, Â Â Is the connection figure close by, available, and mindful? If the response to this inquiry is yes, the kid will grow up feeling sure and secure and might have the option to investigate their condition simpler; they will be increasingly inclined to have dear companions and to be extremely social. On the off chance that the kid sees that the response to this inquiry is no, they will more probable feel on edge and apprehensive, an d will continually search out consideration since they are searching for the parental figure. These youngsters build up an absence of trust since they feel that the connection figure won't be accessible to them, and it likewise implies that they will be unable to restore an association with the connection figure (Farley, p. 1). Making an interpretation of this data to grown-up connection treatment, Farley states that the equivalent persuasive framework that offers ascend to the nearby passionate bond among guardians and their youngsters is answerable for the bond that creates between grown-ups in genuinely personal connections (p. 1). The test is that when a connection isn't clear or has not created in adolescence, as youngsters develop into grown-ups, they may encounter connection wounds.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Topic Examples For Essay Writing

Topic Examples For Essay WritingTo get the best value out of a college application essay, it is important to use appropriate topic examples for essay writing. Most students consider this part of the essay as one of the most important parts of the entire document. Unfortunately, most students do not write about topics that will make them stand out from the competition. The purpose of this article is to explain what to include in your topic examples.One of the most popular topic examples for essay writing is, of course, religion. It is said that we all have a religion, and it seems most people believe that they are right, while others are wrong. Some of these same students might also believe that there is some level of truth to this belief, but there is no solid proof. For this reason, they feel compelled to write a paper on their religion, because they think that others will see their viewpoint on this topic.However, one problem with this essay examples is that most of the examples ar e not accurate. Therefore, students are quite likely to get this essay rejected, when all they really needed to do was use an example that was correct. In order to avoid this problem, it is important to avoid using religious references in your essay examples. The examples should be based on actual situations or events.Another great example for essay writing that is correct is, 'The Humor and the Morality of the Anti-vaxxers.' This example was written by one of the writers for the American Thinker website. It outlines the problem with the 'anti-vaxxers' and why it is wrong to place blame on a group of people when it comes to the causes of diseases.This example focuses on how this group of people can go about getting the blame, but does not say that they deserve it. It focuses on the effects of not vaccinating children and what it will do to those around them. Therefore, it is important to include something factual about why vaccinations are so important, and why a small child should not be allowed to be vaccinated. By including information that makes sense, you will demonstrate that you are making your essay topic examples for essay writing interesting and helpful.Even if you cannot provide factual information, it is important to show that your topic examples for essay writing are dealing with real problems. Therefore, a good idea is to go into depth on different stories, but not necessarily true stories. Instead, you can show that there are errors and misunderstandings in a story, showing that you know how to take a true story and make it false.Exaggeration is also important in these examples. If you are unsure about how far to take an example, you can use an example that has been exaggerated and seen on television or in the news. However, if you use a person who has truly become famous in real life, use that in your examples. The fact that you have found a celebrity in real life will make the point of the example much stronger.Even when you use real life, sho w that you are a good writer. You do not need to make your examples too difficult for the reader to understand. In fact, you should make it very easy for them to understand, so that they can feel like they are reading a report that was written by a professional writer. However, if you want your essay examples to stand out among the rest, you should use a popular genre or word.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Observation of Alzheimers Support Group - 1826 Words

Running Head: OBSERVATION OF ALZHEIMER’S SUPPORT 1 Observation of Alzheimer’s Support Group OBSERVATION OF ALZHEIMER’S SUPPORT 2 Observation of Alzheimer’s Support Group On February 7, 2011 I attended the Alzheimer’s support group held at St. Roberts Adult Daycare Center in St. Charles, Missouri. Tina Joyner facilitated this group of nine caregivers and three students. There were two groups conducted simultaneously; one for the caregivers, the other for the individual who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. The†¦show more content†¦She stated that he used to be very introverted and quiet but now he talks constantly. This is a new symptom that has been noted by, and commented on, by family and friends alike. She is very concerned about their finances but has been told that she cannot force him to relinquish control of the finances until he is deemed incompetent by two OBSERVATION OF ALZHEIMER’S SUPPORT 4 different physicians. This led to a large group discussion about each person’s POA and living will, and clarifying any discrepancies involving the definition of incompetence. An issue brought up by the next caregiver was the issue of wandering. They have enlisted the help of a caregiver, Bill, who lives in the home and assumes responsibility when the patient’s wife cannot be there. The incident that was described occurred when she left with her son to attend a wake. While she was gone, Bill had allowed her husband to go for his walk unattended. Bill had fallen asleep on the couch before her husband returned. Her husband had wandered through a wooded area behind their home and was found in front of a QuikTrip after he fell on the curb. A couple came to his rescue and he was able to tell them his address and he was returned safely home. When the wife arrived home, she found him sitting in his chair with numerous abrasions, and he stated, â€Å"You areShow MoreRelatedResearch Article Critique on Alzheimers Disease1720 Words   |  7 Pages Woodward, M., Kirwan, J., Clarnette, R., amp; ... Greenspan, D. (2005). Risperidone for psychosis of Al zheimers disease and mixed dementia: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(12), 1153-1157. 2. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low dose risperidone in treating psychosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and mixed dementia (MD) in a subset of nursing-home residents who had dementia and aggressionRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease And Its Effects On The American Population Essay1636 Words   |  7 PagesAlzheimer’s disease is one of the most devastating degenerative diseases affecting the American population. It is one form of dementia. Dementia is a group of conditions characterized by impairment of at least two brain functions, such as memory loss and judgment. Symptoms include forgetfulness, limited social skills, and thinking abilities so impaired that it interferes with daily functioning. Alzheimer has very few treatment options even though it is increasing globally. Recently environmentalRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Normal Part Of Aging And That It Isn t Fatal1315 Words   |  6 PagesOutline Introduction a. i. There are people around the world that still believe that Alzheimer’s is a normal part of aging and that it isn’t fatal. ii. Research shows that Alzheimer’s disease causes changes in the brain for decades prior to the first symptoms become visible, so even people who seem free of the disease today might be at risk. iii. Alzheimer s disease has no survivors. It s a disease that destroys your brain cells and causes it to malfunction, change memoryRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease, Or Senile Dementia1715 Words   |  7 Pagesdown from your parents contribute to a higher or definite chance of developing the disease. Currently, neuroscientists--scientists that study diseases in the brain and nervous system--are committed to creating clinical trials to find a cure for Alzheimer’s. There are hundreds of various clinical trials that have been created to help combat or even cure Alzheimer s disease. So far, only Animals such as humans have been found to be affected with Alzheimer s disease or any other type of dementia.Read MoreEffectiveness Of A Combined Therapeutic Approach On Negative Disease Symptoms2802 Words   |  12 Pagesthe Alzheimer’s Association (2014) website, someone in this country is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease every 67 seconds. Projection figures of the year 2050 state 16 million people in the United States will have Alzheimer’s disease; triple the present rate (Alzheimer’s Association, â€Å"Latest Facts Figures Report†, para. 1). Alzheimer’s research has expanded slowly over the past decade. However, with prevalence rates increasing rapidly, high quality of care will be imperative. Observations, questionnairesRead MoreMany Americans Prepare For Adulthood By Pursuing Careers,1550 Words   |  7 Pagesthink of old age and how it will impact our families. As stated by Greg Link in his journal, â€Å"The Admini stration for Community Living: Programs and Initiatives Providing Family Caregiver Support†, â€Å"for many older people, the ability to remain living at home in the community is often contingent upon consistent support provided by a family caregiver† (Link, 2015, p. 57). In essence, the authors point is that in order for older adults to live with dignity and age in place in their homes they require assistanceRead MoreSummary Of Imunotherapy On ATXN1 Oligory1529 Words   |  7 Pages to generate an immunotherapy that targeted the modified ATXN1 oligomers. After injecting the infected mice with the immunotherapy the research group observed a hindrance of local propagation of the oligomer and therefore modified the phenotype of the prion positive mice. However this method is not curative, as the neurons that express the poly-Q ATXIN1 oligomer will continue to do so, generating more toxic prion like proteins. This provided cause for the theory that though the immunother apy mayRead MoreSupplemental Safety Pharmacology Studies Essay1123 Words   |  5 Pages†¢ Supplemental Safety Pharmacology Studies: To help support the Safety data and to study the potential adverse effects on the other organ systems, we would like to review the results of the following studies. This information is necessary considering the fact that the new drug is meant for long-term administration and that can contribute to long-term adverse effects. Renal System: Please provide the results of the renal system studies which should include urinary volume, specific gravity, osmolarityRead MoreThe China ´s Milk Scandal766 Words   |  3 Pagesof omega-3 fatty acid3. DHA is a major component of the retina and human brain. It is naturally found in fish oil, algae, fungi and breast milk. Many scientific studies have demonstrated that DHA could lower risk of cardiovascular diseases and Alzheimer’s disease4. Is DHA necessary for babies? Peng Xiaofang and Cheung Hon-Yeung from the City University of Hong Kong worked together studying functions of DHA in biological membranes. It was reported that DHA is a structural component of membranesRead MoreNursing: Learning Theories910 Words   |  4 Pageslearning and Banduras social learning theory focuses on learning by observation, via modeling. The following three studies highlight these. Farran, C., Gilley, D., McCann, J., Bienias, J., Lindeman, D., Evans, D. (2007). Efficacy of behavioral interventions for dementia caregivers. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 29 (8), 944-960. Recent studies have increasingly focused on behavioral symptoms associated with Alzheimers disease because of the negative caregiver reactions associated with

Friday, May 15, 2020

International Conference Of Regulatory Agencies And...

Abstract Representatives of regulatory agencies and industries from Europe (EU), Japan, and the United States (US) met together in the International Conference of Harmonization (ICH) and issued guidelines in conducting clinical trials including the of Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guideline. Quality, safety, and efficacy were set as the three basic criteria to approve new medical products which reflect the state-of-the art technology. ICH-GCP guideline was adopted by regulatory agencies of the EU, US, and Japan including the US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA), which has established regulations of GCP to enhance its oversight on clinical trials involving humans, and offer detailed information for interested parties such as the sponsor,†¦show more content†¦In addition, the ICH-GCP guideline addresses the requirements and duties of all parties involved in clinical trial conduction such as the sponsor, investigators, and ethics committees, and stated that compliance with the GCP mu st be a shared responsibility among all parties (Mueller, Schellenberg, Owens, 2007). This guideline was incorporated in Title 21 of the Code Federal Regulations (21 CFR) in 1997, and adopted by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) to be implemented in designing, conducting, monitoring, auditing, recoding, analysis, and reporting clinical trials to ensure that the documentation of reporting data are credible and accurate, and more importantly to provide safeguards for protecting the rights, safety, privacy, and confidentiality of participants (Allen Vandenburg,1992). The 21 CFR regulations are updated annually in order to adapt with any emergent issues that require specific changes to ensure the ethical and scientific quality of clinical trials. In addition, these regulations are mandatory on all FDA-regulated products, and rigorous penalties are applied in case they have been violated (Allen Vandenburg,1992). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Dealing With Repeat, Criminal Offenders, And The Justice...

Dealing with repeat, criminal offenders, has become a hot-topic issue in the corrections community, as well as the justice system as a whole. Society demands to be protected from the criminal element, and rightly so, but how do we identify the career criminals, and keep them from harming others? Even though a small number of career criminals were responsible for the majority of the crimes being committed in the country, it was not until the mid-1980s that selective incapacitation began to be used (Mays Winfree, 2009). One of the assumptions, concerning career criminals, is that here is no way to reform them. These offenders will continually commit criminal acts as long as they are not incarcerated. To keep these career criminals locked away, many states began passing laws to identify, and incarcerate them for mandatory lengths of time. By the mid-1980s, and the early 1990s, states began passing habitual offenders statutes, which in effect, identified repeat offenders in the justice system, and sentencing them to long, mandatory prison sentences, up to, and including life in prison without parole (Mays Winfree, 2009). These statutes are known as the â€Å"three strikes† laws. The meaning behind this is that if an offender, who has been convicted three times for criminal offenses, is incapable of reforming, and therefore should be incarcerated, and kept away from the rest of society. In principle, this may sound like a great idea, and a great way to keep society safe,Show MoreRelatedRestorative Justice Is A Cost Effective Way Of Dealing With Crimes Essay1384 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Restorative justice is an option to the formal criminal justice system which emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. 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Juveniles have the highest tendency to rehabilitate and most adopt law-abiding lifestyles as they mature.Read MoreThe Theory Of The Criminal Justice System931 Words   |  4 Pagesin the US criminal justice system. However, finding a great balance between justice and punishment is often a blurred line. Over the past 40 years, the population of state and federal prisons have risen drastically. Polices such as the war on drugs and get tough on crime have caused judges to give out more incarceration years than ever before. With such are large prison population, the resources needed to operate is much greater than ever before. Many in the criminal justice system began to questionRead MoreNew Concepts That Generate Inspiration, Skepticism, Cognitive Shifts, And Derision Essay1511 Words   |  7 PagesThesis Traditional justice is vastly different from restorative justice as the former focuses on retribution. Indigenous people had a distinct way of approaching justice within their societies, their practice of restorative ways centered on a community approach. Offenders were made to accept responsibility for their deviant actions. The philosophy behind the practice is the community, victim, and offender coming together as one was needed to restore order and all move forward in a positiveRead MoreJuvenile Justice System And The Juvenile Court System1742 Words   |  7 PagesThe juvenile justice system varies from the adult justice system in many ways. For more than a century, the states have believed that the juvenile justice system was a means to ensuring public safety, by establishing and implementing a system that responds to children as they are maturing into adulthood. Today’s youths, however, are increasingly committing more serious crimes that in turn are raising th e public’s criticism concerning the modern juvenile justice system. There are those who are inRead MoreShould Prisons Be Effective?1367 Words   |  6 Pagestheir prison system. If retribution is the only goal, then, prisons do work. However, if we evaluate whether prisons have been effective deterrents to crime, the evidence points to its failing. Numerous studies have shown that the threat of prison has little to no deterrent effect on first time offenders and even less of a deterrent effect on repeat offenders. So, the prison has little to no deterrent effect. (Wright, 2010) Rehabilitation has shown positive results concerning repeat offenders. When aRead MoreEssay on Juvenile Justice1630 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ Juvenile Delinquents and Treatment Models Mark Roggeman Colorado Christian University Juvenile Delinquents and Treatment Models Among those who work in the juvenile justice system there is much discussion on how to effectively determine the appropriate consequences and or treatment for their actions. 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More than 70,000 juveniles were incarcerated in youth prisons or detention in 2010. Case studies show that more than 500,000 juveniles are taken to confinement centers every year. Not including the juveniles who by pass the detention center and make their way into the adult court system where they are later tried. Juveniles stand out of any prisonRead MoreThe Judicial Corporal System Of Islamic Criminal Justice System Essay1299 Words   |  6 Pagesinmate in the United States was approximately $21,000 for low risk inmates, and up to $34,000 for high risk offenders (CITE p386). Additionally, incarceration places a significant financial burden on the offenders themselves, because they would lose their current jobs, and any job prospects they would have in the future. In comparison, the judicial corporal system in Islamic c riminal justice system costs significantly less due to the limited reliance on incarceration as a form of penal punishment. Proponents

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Fetal tissue transplants Essay Example For Students

Fetal tissue transplants Essay Is the transplantation of nueral tissue considered anThe transplantation of human fetal neural tissue intothe brains of humans suffering from progressiveneurodegenerative disorders is one of the hottest argumentscurrently being debated. Fetal neural tissue is being usedas a possible treatment for some diseases.The treatmentand possible cure for many of these diseases falls upon thesuccessful transplantation of fetal neural tissue from thebrain, spinal chord and peripheral nervous system. Some ofthe possible beneficiaries of these transplants would bethose with Parkinsons disease, a common neurodegenerativeFetal tissue transplantation involves injecting fetaltissue obtained through electively aborted fetuses intoanother human being. Because fetal tissue deemed mostappropriate and acceptable for transplantation is primarilyobtained from elective abortion procedures, many concernshave arisen in the public, political, and scientificcommunities. It is because of their unique characteristi csthat fetal cells are far more ideal for use in tissuetransplantation than tissue derived from an adult donor. Fetal tissue grows much faster than tissue obtained from anadult donor, a few fetal cells from a donor have thepotential of replacing a large number of host cells. Fetal tissue transplantation is a relatively newprocedure that has a rather large history behind it. Thefirst attempts to transplant human fetal tissue into patientstook place in the 1920s. The first major success usingfetal tissue to treat a medical condition was in the 1950swhen a vaccine for polio was developed. There was relativelylittle public concern about the use of fetal tissue until thelate 1980s when the procedure of fetal tissueIn 1988, researchers in New Mexico reported in TheNew England Journal of Medicine their results of human fetalneural tissue into the brains of patients suffering fromParkinsons disease. This case later became well known asthe La Roza case. In their report on a transplantation offetal tissue substantia nigra, the tissue was transplanted inthe caudate nucleus of a fifty-year old male with a nine yearhistory with Parkinsons disease. Prior to thetransplantation procedure, he was suffering from severesymptoms associated with the latter stages of the Parkinsonsdisease, particularly severe muscle rigidity and tremor. Three months after the transplant there was considerableimprovement in his tormenting symptoms. As a result of theprocedure, his ridgedness and tremors decreased noticeably. Also, the patient was able to control his remaining symptomswith a much lower dosage of medication then before. In response to the apparent success of the La Rozatransplants and initial hints of a possible breakthrough curefor Parkinsons disease, US medical scientists had decided tojoin the race to cure this terribly debilitating ailmentthrough fetal neuro-tissue transplants. They realized,however, that any truly legitimate effort would requirefederal funding. It was the request from the NationalInstitute of Health (NIH) for funding for human fetal tissuetransplantation research that ignit ed intense researches intothe procedure of fetal tissue transplantation in the UnitedWith this tremendous breakthrough in biomedical sciencethat may someday relieve the suffering of millions of peoplewith various neurological inflections came great controversy. Intense moral and ethical debates surround the use of fetaltissue for research and transplantation procedures. Debatesbegan soon after the United State Supreme Court legalizedabortion in Roe v. Wade and continues to this day with debatein congress concerning the passage of the Morris K. Udall Bill, which upon passage will provide one-hundred milliondollars a year for Parkinsons disease research. In March 1988, Robert Windom, a strong Right to Lifesupporter, rejected the NIHs funding request and issued amoratorium on federal funding for research on fetal tissueobtained through induced abortions. This effectively stoppedall research on fetal tissue in federally fundedlaboratories. Even though the moratorium only applied tofederal funding, in reality it stopped all legitimateresearch involving fetal tissue because of the enormous costsassociated with a single operation easily exceeding $50,000. .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .postImageUrl , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:hover , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:visited , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:active { border:0!important; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:active , .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3abaa145905214d619615df81c0e41fb:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Upholders and health educators EssayPrivate researchers were discouraged and unwilling to take achance on such expensive experiments without the likelihoodof being reimbursed for their time and expense. In support ofthe moratorium, President Bush stated that the ban was not anabsolute ban on fetal tissue research, nor was it banningfederal funding of all types of fetal tissue research. Hereiterated that the moratorium was only applicable to federalfunding of fetal tissue research obtained from inducedabortions. Federal funding could still be obtained forresearch using tissue from spontaneous abortions(miscarriages), ectopic pregnancies and stillbirths. Inconclusion, Presid ent Bush stated that the Nations bestinterest would not be served through granting federal fundsfor research that was promoting and legitimizing abortionand which is deemed morally repugnant to many Americans. In May 1992, in an attempt to appear sympathetic to theneeds of medical science while not alienating its close tieswith the anti-abortion groups, President Bushsadministration agreed to establish a fetal tissue bank. Thebank would collect tissue from miscarriages and ectopicpregnancies and distribute fetal tissue to medicalresearchers. However, for a variety of reasons, theestablishment of a fetal tissue bank would not be able toprovide the quality or quantity of tissue necessary for mostOne of Bill Clintons first official duties as Presidentof the United States was the rescission of the moratoriuminvolving fetal tissue transplantation research. Using hisexecutive authority, President Clinton enacted a previouslyvetoed provision concerning fetal tissue research. Hismovement forever removed administrative discretion frompursuing a policy of not supporting or denying funding forfetal tissue research. As a result, research involving fetaltissue from induced abortions are now permitted u nder federalFetal tissue transplants affect many people. Anyonewith a neurodegenerative disorder is affected by theprocedure. The transplants are used to treat diseases such asParkinsons. Tremors, ridgedness, and hypokentetics are someof the symptoms that are being cured by fetal tissuetransplants. The transplants have even been proven to regainuse of damaged brain tissue. Most of the people who obtainthe procedure are years into their diagnosis of the disease. Anyone can obtain Parkinsons disease, but the older theIn order for us to better analyze the topic of fetaltissue transplants we must ask and answer some ethics basedIf the process of fetal tissue transplantation is to beconsidered right it must be further questioned. For somethingto be right it must serve good, or not serve evil. Accordingto this definition fetal tissue transplants would beconsidered wrong, because in order to do good to one human,In this case, moral duty is owed in several differentplaces. For one, the parent child relationship is a majorone at hand. If fetal tissue transplants would be allowed,in many cases there would be no parent child relationshipbecause the child was murdered in a attempt to save anotherhuman being. The person to God aspect is also at hand. Abortion, which is a heavy sin in most major religions wouldbe taking place and would be accepted by society. Alsotodays generation and the next generation comparison wouldalso be harmed. By accepting abort ion and murder intosociety, moral values would be lost. The reasoning of what makes right acts right is based onnormative ethics. Truth telling, confidentiality, justice,maximized benefits and the lack of harm are the main impactsinvolved. Even though some of these do not apply to fetaltissue transplantation the ones that do, lead to the processof fetal tissue transplantation being wrong. Justice couldnot possibly be served if one live is exchanged for another. Maximized benefits would also be unsatisfied. The onlybenefit would be that the disease would be treated and lesssevere, at the cost of human lives. The lack of harm is alsointerrupted. The fetus is killed, which may also lead toHow do rules apply to specific situations?As stated earlier, there have been many laws andprohibitions against the process of fetal tissue transplantsfor many reasons. Rules state that it is not legal to killanother human being. In this case, abortion is beingjustified and the murder of fetus will take place. Moralrules and beliefs also come into play. It i s not morallyright for someone to hurt someone else in order to makethemselves feel better. Society does not allow these laws orbeliefs to take place nor should we. What ought to be done in specific cases?In every situation the facts are different. In the caseof fetal tissue transplantation, the facts are as follows. Innocent fetus are being killed to undergo research in apossible attempt to treat or possibly cure nuerodegenerativedisorders. This is not the right thing to do. Furtherresearch for this study should be banned along with anyattempts to sell ones fetal tissues to an undercover market. In conclusion, although fetal tissue transplants maydeem to be a very helpful procedure in the treatment for manydiseases it should be outlawed and banned. I say thisbecause in order for one life to survive a new life must betaken away. Not only does this serve as a problem, but ifthis procedure is accepted it will lead the society tobelieve that this procedure is encouraged when it really isnot. Also, if the procedure is accepted by society it wouldlead to an eventual black market of tissues and organs thatcould only increase the rate of abortion. These possibleproblems all have the snowball affect on one another. Inorder to play the matter safely where no harm is to be donewould be to outlaw fetal tissue transplantation. .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .postImageUrl , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:hover , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:visited , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:active { border:0!important; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:active , .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5 .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u81c0e068453bf7a00b08f52c31c1cca5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: graduate EssayBibliography: